How the clash between India and China started?

Image Source: Faisal Khan/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

A military stand-off between India and China on their disputed border in the Himalayas has escalated into deadly clashes

The Indian Army said that twenty of its soldiers were killed in the clash

Image Source: Faisal Khan/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

It happened in Galwan Valley in the disputed Ladakh region

Image Source: The Wire/Google Maps

Why are they fighting?

Over the last month and a half, there have been a number of Chinese incursions into India along the Line of Actual Control

Image Source: REUTERS

The focus has mostly been on incidents in Eastern Ladakh, where troops from both countries clashed

Image Source: Outlook

The confrontation came after tensions grew over a new road India built in Ladakh, along the LAC which divides the sides

Image Source: PTI

That angered China, which deployed troops and built infrastructure of its own in disputed territory, heightening the risk of clashes

Image Source: PA via UK Express

What is the history of the dispute?

India and China fought a war in 1962 over their contested border in the Himalayas

The war ended with a truce and the formation of a de facto boundary, known as the Line of Actual Control

Image Source: Times of India

There has been an uneasy and fragile peace since then

Both sides see the area as strategically important, economically and militarily

Image Source: Reuters

If neither gives way, the stand-off could have destabilising consequences for the region

Image Source: ANI

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called for an all-party meeting at 5 PM on June 19 to discuss India-China border areas

Image Source: PTI

PM Modi also said that India wants peace but when instigated, India is capable of giving a befitting reply, be it any kind of situation