A deadly clash took place between the Indian Army and China's People's Liberation Army recently

The clash happened in the Galwan Valley in eastern Ladakh where reportedly 20 Indian Army personnel lost their lives

Image Source: Tauseef Mustafa/AFP

The valley is one of the flash points of the ongoing high-altitude standoff between the Indian and Chinese forces

Image Source: REUTERS

The 80 kilometers-long Galwan river, which flows through the valley, in the eastern part of Ladakh, is named after Ghulam Rasool Galwan

Image Source: BCCL

He was a Ladakhi adventurer and explorer who assisted many European explorers at the turn of the 19th century

According to the book Forsaking Paradise: Stories from Ladakh, Ghulam Rasool Galwan had arrived in Leh in 1895

Galwan has also written a book where he is said to have written about his life as he assisted Sir Francis Younghusband, the architect of the Anglo-Tibetan Treaty of 1904 to scout the region.

At a time when British-ruled India, Galwam assisted British expeditions in the region as a guide, as troops tried to gather and assess intelligence about Russian intrusion which could pose a threat to British interests in India

Galwan for almost 35 years assisted expeditions led by British, Italian, and American explorers

The valley was named after Ghulam Rasool Galwan after he helped a group of British explorers return safely after losing their way during an expedition

Galwan eventually rose to the ranks of 'aksakal' or chief assistant of the British joint commissioner of Leh in 1917, reported Economic Times

"China had tried to claim this land in 1962 as well. "This place was a part of India and will remain a part of India." Mohammad Amin Galwan, grandson of the Ladakhi explorer said to media

Since May, the armies of the two nuclear-armed nations have engaged in various areas, including Galwan Valley, Hot Spring amongst other parts of east Ladakh